What are some of the factors that impact the development of reading skills in students with visual impairments?
Marnee Loftin, a retired psychologist from the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, answers the question: What are some of the factors that impact the development of reading skills in students with visual impairments?
Links and Clarifications:
American Foundation for the Blind (AFB), which Marnee mentions, no longer publishes books, but has other resources: https://www.afb.org/news-publications.
American Printing House for the Blind (APH), now publishing the books previously housed with AFB. https://www.aph.org/aph-press/
TVI - Teachers of students with Visual Impairments
AFB – American Foundation for the Blind
Adventitious - associated with something by chance rather than as an integral part
Somatosensory - a region of the brain which is responsible for receiving and processing sensory information from across the body, such as touch.
Echolalic speech - is the repetition or echoing of words or sounds that you hear someone else say.
OT – Occupational therapist
Radojichikj, D. D. (2015). Students with visual impairments: Braille reading rate. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education, 3(1), 1-5.
Wetzel, R., & Knowlton, M. (2000). A comparison of print and braille reading rates on three reading tasks. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 94(3), 146-154.
Veispak, A., Boets, B., & Ghesquiere, P. (2012). Parallel versus sequential processing in print and braille reading. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 33(6), 2153-2163.
The research reported here is funded by awards to the National Center on Improving Literacy from the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, in partnership with the Office of Special Education Programs (Award #: S283D160003). The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of OESE, OSEP, or the U.S. Department of Education. Copyright © 2022 National Center on Improving Literacy. https://improvingliterarcy.org