Can students with visual impairments have dyslexia?


Marnee Loftin, a retired psychologist from the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, answers the question: Can students with visual impairments have dyslexia?

Links and Clarifications:

American Foundation for the Blind (AFB), which Marnee mentions, no longer publishes books, but has other resources:

American Printing House for the Blind (APH), now publishing the books previously housed with AFB.  


TVI - Teachers of students with Visual Impairments

AFB – American Foundation for the Blind

Adventitious - associated with something by chance rather than as an integral part

Somatosensory - a region of the brain which is responsible for receiving and processing sensory information from across the body, such as touch.

Echolalic speech - is the repetition or echoing of words or sounds that you hear someone else say.

OT – Occupational therapist


Radojichikj, D. D. (2015). Students with visual impairments: Braille reading rate. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education, 3(1), 1-5.

Wetzel, R., & Knowlton, M. (2000). A comparison of print and braille reading rates on three reading tasks. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 94(3), 146-154.

Veispak, A., Boets, B., & Ghesquiere, P. (2012). Parallel versus sequential processing in print and braille reading. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 33(6), 2153-2163.

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