Oklahoma

State Education Agency (SEA) Dyslexia Legislation

Has Legislation?Yes

Parent Opt-Out/Consent Procedures by Law?
No
SEA Recognizes IDA Definition?
No
SEA Recognizes State Definition?
Yes
SEA Has Dyslexia Specialist?
No

HB390, HB 1228, and § 70-7001, 

HB 390 creates a scholarship to attend a private school of the recipient's choice. HB 1228 creates a professional development program .§70-7001 creates a dyslexia pilot program.


Screening

Required?Yes

Parents Must Be Notified of Results?
No
SEA Publishes List of Screeners?
Yes
Annual Reporting to the SEA?
No
Response to Intervention for Student Learning Disability Eligibility in 2010?
Permitted by law
Severe Discrepancy for Student Learning Disability Eligibility in 2010?
Permitted by law
Student Learning Disability Eligibility (Zirkel & Thomas 2010 Classification)?
RTI and SD permitted. (State handbook discusses identification of dyslexia in terms

To our knowledge, Oklahoma does not have dyslexia screening legislation per se, but the Reading Sufficiency Act addresses screening for reading skills. The state’s dyslexia handbook further states that all students in Kindergarten through Grade 3 must be screened, and that students in Grade 4 may be screened. Screeners should assess phonemic awareness, phonics, decoding skills, oral reading fluency, vocabulary, comprehensions, and a dyslexia checklist for teachers. Students who are below benchmark should also be assessed on rapid naming, encoding, and advanced phonemic awareness skills. Schools should use state-approved measures.


Pre-service

Required?No

In 2012, a dyslexia pilot program for higher education was passed (§70-7001).


In-service

Required?Yes

HB 1228 requires that professional development concerning dyslexia be provided at least once per year.


Intervention

Required?Yes

Multisensory?
Promoted
Evidence-Based?
Promoted
Explicit/Direct?
Promoted
MTSS/RTI?
Required

According to the Reading Sufficiency Act, “Each program of reading instruction shall include provisions of the READ Initiative adopted by the school district as provided for in 70 O.S. § 1210.508C. For purposes of the Reading Sufficiency Act, a "program of reading instruction" shall be based upon a three-tiered Response to Intervention ("RtI") model, and shall include: (1) For students identified for Tier I intervention, a minimum of ninety (90) minutes of uninterrupted daily scientific-research-based reading instruction; (2) For students identified for Tier II intervention, at least an amount of uninterrupted scientific-research-based reading instructional time that is: (A) Based on specific student needs; (B) Reflects the needed intensity and/or frequency as identified on a screening tool, diagnostic assessment, and/or progress monitoring instrument; and (C) Is determined by the classroom teacher, reading specialist (if available), and building principal. (3) For students identified for Tier III intervention, at least forty-five (45) to sixty (60) minutes of additional uninterrupted daily scientific-research-based reading instruction in addition to the ninety (90) minutes of uninterrupted daily reading instruction provided under Tier I.” Additionally, the state dyslexia  handbook promotes evidence-based, structured literacy interventions in an RTI/MTSS framework that include explicit instruction.


Literacy State-identified Measurable Result (SIMR) - Part B

Has Literacy SIMR?Yes


Resources

Decoding Dyslexia Oklahoma


Citations

Zirkel, P. A., & Thomas, L. B. (2010). State laws for RTI: An updated snapshot. Teaching Exceptional Children, 42(3), 56-63.

Gearin, B., Turtura, J., Kame’enui, E. J., Nelson, N. J., & Fien, H. (2018). A Multiple Streams Analysis of Recent Changes to State-Level Dyslexia Education Law. Educational Policy, 0895904818807328.

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Last modified: 
08/11/2020 - 2:45pm