North Dakota

State Education Agency (SEA) Dyslexia Legislation

Has Legislation?Yes

Parent Opt-Out/Consent Procedures by Law?
No
SEA Recognizes IDA Definition?
No
SEA Recognizes State Definition?
No
SEA Has Dyslexia Specialist?
No

HB1461 defines dyslexia and establishes a dyslexia specialist position, pilot program, and screening and intervention requirements. Oklahoma’s dyslexia handbook defines dyslexia as follows: 

According to the Woodcock Johnson IV, “Dyslexia affects reading at the single word level, reading fluency and rate, and spelling.In turn, these weaknesses cause difficulties with reading comprehension and written expression. Other abilities that do not require reading, such as general intelligence, reasoning, oral language, mathematics, and knowledge are often unimpaired. In other words, the reading and spelling difficulties are often unexpected in relation to the person’s other abilities.” (Mather & Wendling, 2014).


Screening

Required?Yes

Parents Must Be Notified of Results?
No
SEA Publishes List of Screeners?
No
Annual Reporting to the SEA?
No
Response to Intervention for Student Learning Disability Eligibility in 2010?
Permitted by guidelines
Severe Discrepancy for Student Learning Disability Eligibility in 2010?
Permitted by guidelines
Student Learning Disability Eligibility (Zirkel & Thomas 2010 Classification)?
RTI and SD permitted only by guidelines

According to HB1461, “Each public elementary school shall include in the developing and processing of assessments and screening of reading, the core components of phonetic awareness, decoding, and spelling. The screening also must be offered if requested by a parent, legal guardian, or teacher.”


Pre-service

Required?No

North Dakota does not have pre-service legislation related to dyslexia.


In-service

Required?No

North Dakota does not have in-service legislation related to dyslexia.


Intervention

Required?Yes

Evidence-Based?
Promoted
Explicit/Direct?
Promoted
MTSS/RTI?
Promoted

Schools within the pilot program will provide interventions based on screening results. State guidance documents promote MTSS and instruction that is explicit and multisensory.


Literacy State-identified Measurable Result (SIMR) - Part B

Has Literacy SIMR?No


Resources

Decoding Dyslexia North Dakota

International Dyslexia Association Upper Midwest


Citations

Zirkel, P. A., & Thomas, L. B. (2010). State laws for RTI: An updated snapshot. Teaching Exceptional Children, 42(3), 56-63.

Gearin, B., Turtura, J., Kame’enui, E. J., Nelson, N. J., & Fien, H. (2018). A Multiple Streams Analysis of Recent Changes to State-Level Dyslexia Education Law. Educational Policy, 0895904818807328.

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Last modified: 
08/11/2020 - 2:41pm