State Education Agency (SEA) Dyslexia LegislationHas Legislation?Yes
HB1461 defines dyslexia and establishes a dyslexia specialist position, pilot program, and screening and intervention requirements. Oklahoma’s dyslexia handbook defines dyslexia as follows:
According to the Woodcock Johnson IV, “Dyslexia affects reading at the single word level, reading fluency and rate, and spelling.In turn, these weaknesses cause difficulties with reading comprehension and written expression. Other abilities that do not require reading, such as general intelligence, reasoning, oral language, mathematics, and knowledge are often unimpaired. In other words, the reading and spelling difficulties are often unexpected in relation to the person’s other abilities.” (Mather & Wendling, 2014).
According to HB1461, “Each public elementary school shall include in the developing and processing of assessments and screening of reading, the core components of phonetic awareness, decoding, and spelling. The screening also must be offered if requested by a parent, legal guardian, or teacher.”
North Dakota does not have pre-service legislation related to dyslexia.
North Dakota does not have in-service legislation related to dyslexia.
Schools within the pilot program will provide interventions based on screening results. State guidance documents promote MTSS and instruction that is explicit and multisensory.
Literacy State-identified Measurable Result (SIMR) - Part B
Has Literacy SIMR?No
Zirkel, P. A., & Thomas, L. B. (2010). State laws for RTI: An updated snapshot. Teaching Exceptional Children, 42(3), 56-63.
Gearin, B., Turtura, J., Kame’enui, E. J., Nelson, N. J., & Fien, H. (2018). A Multiple Streams Analysis of Recent Changes to State-Level Dyslexia Education Law. Educational Policy, 0895904818807328.
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Has Dyslexia Legislation?Yes
Has Literacy SIMR?No
The research reported here is funded by awards to the National Center on Improving Literacy from the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, in partnership with the Office of Special Education Programs (Award #: S283D160003). The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of OESE, OSEP, or the U.S. Department of Education. Copyright © 2020 National Center on Improving Literacy. https://improvingliterarcy.org