The ability to identify and play with individual sounds in spoken words.
The ability to recognize that spoken words are made up of individual sound parts.
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What is Phonological Awareness? Why is it important? How should it be taught? How can families support phonological awareness development? Learn the answer to these and other questions about Phonological Awareness.
Learn more about how to support a child's development of these important reading skills.
Phonological awareness involves being able to recognize and manipulate the sounds within words. This skill is a foundation for understanding the alphabetic principle and reading success. There are several ways to effectively teach phonological awareness to prepare early readers, including: 1) teaching students to recognize and manipulate the sounds of speech, 2) teaching students letter-sound relations, and 3) teaching students to manipulate letter-sounds in print using word-building activities.
Learning to read is difficult and does not happen naturally. It requires explicit and systematic instruction, which is especially important for struggling readers. Learning to read involves many different skills that must be taught to your child. Instruction in phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension will help your child learn to read.
Spotlight on Instruction
Watch this video about how to teach students how to recognize that words are made up of individual sound parts (phonological awareness).
Jeanne Wanzek, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Vanderbilt University and Carol Dissen, Expert Literacy Coach at the Center on Teaching and Learning at the University of Oregon, present on Recommendation 2: Develop awareness of the segments of sounds in speech and how they link to letters, from the Foundational Skills to Support Reading for Understanding in Kindergarten Through 3rd Grade: Practice Guide (WWC).
Resources for Teachers
Explore these on-topic resources, tips, and tools for teaching phonemic awareness and phonological awareness. Find the materials that work best for your classroom.
Resources for Parents and Families
Check out this collection of resources and activities that can help you support your child's development of phonemic awareness and phonological awareness at home.
The research reported here is funded by awards to the National Center on Improving Literacy from the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, in partnership with the Office of Special Education Programs (Award #: S283D160003). The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of OESE, OSEP, or the U.S. Department of Education. Copyright © 2021 National Center on Improving Literacy. https://improvingliterarcy.org