The ability to read words, phrases, sentences, and stories correctly, with enough speed, and expression.
Build your knowledge and advance your skills by watching this short overview of fluency with text.
Learn more about how to support a child's development of this important reading skill.
Fluency is the ability to read words, phrases, sentences, and stories accurately, with enough speed, and expression. It is important to remember that fluency is not an end in itself but a critical gateway to comprehension.
Repeated readings, goal setting, corrective feedback, and graphing performance can help build Fluency with Text.
Learning to read consists of developing skills in two areas: accurate, fluent reading and comprehending the meaning of texts. Learning these skills does not come naturally. Both accurate word reading and text comprehension require careful, systematic instruction.
Fluent Reader Examples
View examples of what fluent readers sound like in grades K through 5.
Spotlight on Instruction
Watch this video on how to ensure that students read connected text every day to support reading accuracy, fluency, and comprehension.
Jeanne Wanzek, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Vanderbilt University and Carol Dissen, Expert Literacy Coach at the Center on Teaching and Learning at the University of Oregon, present on Recommendation 4: Ensure that each student reads connected text every day to support reading accuracy, fluency, and comprehension, from the Foundational Skills to Support Reading for Understanding in Kindergarten Through 3rd Grade: Practice Guide (WWC)
Resources for Teachers
Explore these on-topic resources, tips, and tools for teaching fluency with text. Find the materials that work best for your classroom.
Resources for Parents & Families
Check out this collection of resources and activities that can help you support your child's development of fluency with text at home.
The research reported here is funded by awards to the National Center on Improving Literacy from the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, in partnership with the Office of Special Education Programs (Award #: S283D160003). The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of OESE, OSEP, or the U.S. Department of Education. Copyright © 2021 National Center on Improving Literacy. https://improvingliterarcy.org