The idea that letters and groups of letters match individual sounds in words.
Reading instruction on understanding how letters and groups of letters link to sounds to form letter-sound relationships and spelling patterns.
Learn more about how to support a child's development of these important reading skills.
The alphabetic principle is a critical skill that involves connecting letters with their sounds to read and write. Learning and applying the alphabetic principle takes time and is difficult for most children. Explicit phonics instruction and extensive practice are important when teaching children to learn the alphabetic principle.
Learning to read is difficult and does not happen naturally. It requires explicit and systematic instruction, which is especially important for struggling readers. Learning to read involves many different skills that must be taught to your child. Instruction in phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension will help your child learn to read.
Spotlight on Instruction
Watch this video about how to teach students to decode words, analyze word parts, and write and recognize words.
Jeanne Wanzek, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Vanderbilt University and Carol Dissen, Expert Literacy Coach at the Center on Teaching and Learning at the University of Oregon, present on Recommendation 3: Teach students to decode words, analyze word parts, and write and recognize words, from the Foundational Skills to Support Reading for Understanding in Kindergarten Through 3rd Grade: Practice Guide (WWC).
Resources for Teachers
Explore these on-topic resources, tips, and tools for teaching the alphabetic principle and phonics. Find the materials that work best for your classroom.
Resources for Parents and Families
Check out this collection of resources and activities that can help you support your child's development of the alphabetic principle and phonics at home.
The research reported here is funded by awards to the National Center on Improving Literacy from the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, in partnership with the Office of Special Education Programs (Award #: S283D160003). The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of OESE, OSEP, or the U.S. Department of Education. Copyright © 2021 National Center on Improving Literacy. https://improvingliterarcy.org