Learning Literacy Glossary

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Sample Representativeness

How well a sample in a scientific study corresponds to the population in which the study’s findings will be applied. For instance, nationally representative samples of students are often desirable when research findings will be applied nationally.


Teaching that provides temporary instructional support, like an example or feedback, during initial learning of a concept or skill.


Short processes to find students who need help in reading, writing, spelling, or math.


The ability to think about what you are learning and understanding while reading, including using a strategy when you are confused by a word or idea.


The part of language that has to do with the meaning of words, phrases, sentences, paragraphs.

Specific Learning Disability

A disorder that makes it hard to understand or use language, such as difficulty with listening, thinking, speaking, reading, writing, spelling or calculating math.

Speech And Language Impairment

A condition that causes difficulty with communication, such as speech and understanding language.


The part of language that has to do with the grammatical forms and structure of sentences.

Systematic Instruction

Teaching that has a carefully planned sequence, including building from easier to more difficult tasks and breaking down harder skills into smaller parts.