Phonemic Awareness


The ability to identify and play with individual sounds in spoken words.

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Ask & Answer: Phonemic Awareness

What is Phonemic Awareness? Why is it important? How should it be taught? Learn the answer to these and other questions about Phonemic Awareness.

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How We Learn to Read: The Critical Role of Phonological Awareness

Phonological awareness involves being able to recognize and manipulate the sounds within words. This skill is a foundation for understanding the alphabetic principle and reading success. There are several ways to effectively teach phonological awareness to prepare early readers, including: 1) teaching students to recognize and manipulate the sounds of speech, 2) teaching students letter-sound relations, and 3) teaching students to manipulate letter-sounds in print using word-building activities.

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Beginning Reading

Related Resources

Reading Rockets

Read descriptions of specific activities that involve blending and segmenting sounds; includes activities for whole-class, small-group, and individual instructional contexts.

Topic: Phonemic Awareness

Reading Rockets

Watch a 2 minute video on how to use Elkonin boxes to teach phonological awareness skills in small-group and individual instructional contexts, download Elkonin box templates, and see recommended books for practice.

Topic: Phonemic Awareness

Reading Rockets

Watch video clips that describe phonemic awareness strategies.

Topic: Phonemic Awareness