Dyslexia

Definition

A brain-based learning disability that specifically impairs a person's ability to read.

Related Briefs

Defining Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a brain-based learning disability that specifically impairs a person’s ability to read. For individuals with dyslexia, specific portions of the brain typically associated with important reading processes may not function in the same ways that they do in individuals without dyslexia. Individuals with dyslexia often have difficulty with phonological processing, spelling, or rapid visual-verbal responding. Importantly, dyslexia is related to reading difficulties, not difficulties that arise from intellectual functioning.

Audience: 
Schools & Districts
Topic: 
Dyslexia

Ask an Expert

Donald Compton, Ph.D
Expert: 
Donald Compton, Ph.D
Audience: 
Parents & Families
Category: 
Screening & Identification
Topic: 
Identification
Evelyn Johnson, Ph.D
Expert: 
Evelyn Johnson, Ph.D
Audience: 
Parents & Families
Category: 
Screening & Identification
Topic: 
Dyslexia, Identification
Susan Lowell
Expert: 
Susan Lowell
Audience: 
Parents & Families
Category: 
Legislation & Policy
Topic: 
Legislation

Related Resources

Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

Read a letter from OSEP describing the implications of federal law on disabilities for state policy and practice, especially concerning the identification and treatment of dyslexia.

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Parent Educational Advocacy Training Center

This fact sheet discusses the signs, symptoms, and supports for dyslexia.

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International Dyslexia Association

This fact sheet provides information and resources for adolescents and adults with dyslexia. Read about identifying and addressing instructional needs, and factors for school and job success.

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