Four Questions to Ask After Universal Screening
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1. Is the student at risk for dyslexia or not meeting important pre-reading and reading goals expected for the grade level?
- Reading assessments can screen students for dyslexia or reading difficulties, and the data can help determine the level of reading risk students face.
- Students with moderate to high risk for dyslexia should be provided with evidence-based instruction and intervention that focuses on explicit instruction in phonemic awareness and phonics. Schools and families should discuss whether students should be formally assessed for dyslexia based on the data indicating risk.
2. Is the student making enough reading progress to read proficiently and reach important reading goals?
- Frequent reading assessments can monitor students' progress toward overall proficient reading and important reading goals.
- These assessments can help determine if students are responding adequately to evidence-based instruction and interventions or if instruction and interventions should be modified or intensified.
3. Is the student reading with sufficient proficiency to meet grade level reading expectations and important reading goals?
Overall assessments can determine if students are reading proficiently and are reaching important reading goals.
Diagnostic assessments can provide detailed information about students’ reading skills for the purposes of developing and implementing individualized interventions for students.
National Center on Improving Literacy (2019). Four questions to ask after universal screening. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Office of Special Education Programs, National Center on Improving Literacy. Retrieved from http://improvingliteracy.org.
The research reported here is funded by awards to the National Center on Improving Literacy from the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, in partnership with the Office of Special Education Programs (Award #: S283D160003). The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of OESE, OSEP, or the U.S. Department of Education. Copyright © 2024 National Center on Improving Literacy. https://improvingliteracy.org