Dyslexia LegislationHas Legislation?Yes
Texas Administrative Code §74.28 tasks the board of trustees of a school district with ensuring that procedures for identifying students with dyslexia are implemented. Related requirements are discussed.
Texas Administrative Code requires schools to implement screening in accordance with Texas Education Agency's (TEAs) guidelines. Guidelines in TEA's Dyslexia Resource Guide state that: Students enrolling in public schools in Texas shall be assessed for dyslexia and related disorders at appropriate times (TEC §38.003(a)). The appropriate time depends upon multiple factors including the student’s reading performance; reading difficulties; poor response to supplemental, scientifically based reading instruction; teachers input; and input from the parents/guardians. The appropriate time for assessing is early in a student’s school career. Reading Diagnosis requires assessment of reading development and comprehension for all students in kindergarten, first grade, second grade, and as appropriate, seventh grade. While earlier is better, students should be recommended for assessment for dyslexia even if the reading difficulties appear later in a student’s school career.
Texas does not have pre-service legislation related to dyslexia.
According to Texas law, "A school district shall purchase a reading program or develop its own reading program for students with dyslexia and related disorders that is aligned with the descriptors found in 'Dyslexia Handbook: Procedures Concerning Dyslexia and Related Disorders.' Teachers who screen and treat these students must be trained in instructional strategies that utilize individualized, intensive, multisensory, phonetic methods and a variety of writing and spelling components described in the 'Dyslexia Handbook: Procedures Concerning Dyslexia and Related Disorders.' The professional development activities specified by each district and/or campus planning and decision making committee shall include these instructional strategies."
"Instructional decisions for a student with dyslexia must be made by a committee (§504 or ARD) that is knowledgeable about the instructional components and approaches for students with dyslexia. In accordance with TAC §74.28(c), districts shall purchase or develop a reading program for students with dyslexia and related disorders that incorporates all the components of instruction and instructional approaches in the following sections: phonological awareness, sound-symbol recognition, syllabication, orthography, morphology, syntax, reading comprehension, reading fluency."